Skin Conditions

Pigmentation Treatment

What Is Pigmentation?

Pigmentation also known as hyperpigmentation, is a common skin condition where some areas or the patches of skin turn darker in color. It is usually a harmless condition that is caused when there is too much of the pigment- melanin on the surface of the skin. Another form of pigmentation, also known as hypopigmentation is a condition where the patches of skin become lighter or whiter in the color as compared to the normal surrounding skin.

What Are The Causes Of Pigmentation?

Pigmentation could be caused due to the genetics, stress, sun exposure, fluctuating hormones occurred due to pregnancy or by birth control pills, insulin resistance, menopause, overly aggressive skin care treatment or damage to the skin due to injury or even due to frequent use of hair dyes and many more reasons.
According to majority of dermatologists, pigmentation is most often an embarrassing condition. Most of the people accept brown patches of pigmentation as a part of growing older as well as the youngsters on the contrary are being affected in a negative way when they suffer from imperfect skin. The pigmentation occurs more in women as compared to men as overexposure to the sun rays greatly affects the skin of women till a greater extent as compared to men. Also people residing in tropical climatic regions having harsh sun exposure on the daily basis would have more melanin on their skin.

Different Types of Pigmentation:

Hyperpigmentation may be caused either due to increased melanin deposition into the dermis or epidermis layer of the skin. Different types of pigmentation are-

  • Melasma:

Melasma is the uneven production of pigmentation on the face that usually represents as black or dark brown skin patches. One of the primary causes of Melasma is sun exposure as well as other additional factors that may include certain health issues or the medications, use of oral contraceptives as well as hormonal imbalances that are caused by pregnancy and menopause.

  • Freckles:

Freckles are the most visible on people who have a much fairer complexion. Having the freckles is genetic but the sun damage could result into excessive as well as uneven freckles.

  • Peri-orbital melanosis:

The peri-orbital melanosis, also known as dark circles are caused due to stress or even eyestrain. This is a hereditary imbalance of pigmentation which can affect future generations too.

  • Photo-melanosis:

Photo-melanosis is an increased pigmentation due to high sun exposure that is exposed on the skin. The area mainly includes- face, neck, arms as well as back. The pigmentation may appear as patchy or the diffused melanin on the skin. It is a condition that is more commonly encountered by the fair skinned people due to the excessive sun exposure.

Preventive Measures for Pigmentation:

One the best ways to avoid pigmentation is to apply a sunscreen having a minimum SPF of 30+. This sunscreen would greatly help in blocking both the UVA as well as UVB lights from penetrating inside the layer of skin. This sunscreen needs to be applied almost every three to four hours if one is going outdoors. Oral use of antioxidants could also help in reducing the pigmentation. Also, if creams do not work, the chemical peels, fractional lasers are other treatment options for which one can opt. these procedures usually require multiple sessions at the intervals of maximum four weeks.

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Skin Cancer Treatment London

Skin Cancer Treatment London

What Is Skin Cancer?

Skin cancer is the abnormal growth of the skin cells. It usually develops on those areas of the skin that are being exposed to the sun’s rays. The skin cancer develops when DNA in the cells becomes damaged and the body is not able to repair the damage. These particular damaged cells begin to grow and divide uncontrollably. Thus, when this occurs in the skin, the skin cancer develops. These damaged cells are then multiplied while resulting in a tumor. As the skin cancer develops in the epidermis layer which is the outermost layer of the skin, a tumor is then clearly visible.

Types of Skin Cancer:

There are three types of skin cancer that accounts for nearly 100% of the total diagnosed cases. These skin cancers are being divided into one of the two classes, namely- melanoma skin cancer and non-melanoma skin cancer. Different types of skin cancer are:

  • Squamous cell carcinoma:

Around 16% of the diagnosed skin cancers are Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). This cancer begins the squamous cells that are found in the upper layer of the epidermis. This SCC normally tends to develop in middle-aged fair-skinned and the elderly people who have long term sun exposure. It generally appears as a scaly or crusted area of skin with a red inflamed base that resembles as a growing tumor, crusted-over patch of skin or the non-healing ulcer. It could develop anywhere in the body, but majority of the times it is developed on the sun-exposed areas of the body, including the inside of the mouth and genitalia.

  • Basal cell carcinoma:

The Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common cancer in humans. Almost 80% of all the skin cancers are the BCC, a cancer that develops in the basal cells. These basal cells are located at the lowest layer of the epidermis and can take several forms. It can appear as a shiny translucent or a pearly nodule, a sore that is continuously healed and then reopened, appears as a pink slightly elevated growth, a waxy scar or reddish irritated patches of skin.

  • Melanoma:

About 4% of all the diagnosed skin cancers, the melanoma begins in the melanocytes, the cells within the epidermis which gives a skin color. The melanoma has been popular as the most lethal form of the skin cancer as it could rapidly spread out through the lymph system as well as the internal organs. Majority of the cases has been led to death as dermatologists believe that this disease is not able to reveal the early warning signs. Thus it requires Skin Cancer Treatment on time.

  • Other non-melanoma skin cancer:

Majority of the other skin cancers is being combined account for less than 1% of the total diagnosed cases. They are being classified as non-melanoma skin cancers, which include Merkel cell carcinoma, Paget’s disease, dermatofibromasarcoma protuberance and the cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.

Causes of Skin Cancer:

The sun exposure is one of the main reasons for skin cancer. The sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays usually damages the DNA in the skin and the body can repair this damage before the gene mutations occur and the cancer develops. When this repair of DNA doesn’t take place, cancer is developed. In some of the cases, the skin cancer is an inherited condition where melanomas are developed in people having a family history of melanoma.

Who Is Affected By Skin Cancer?

The skin cancer usually develops in people in all colors, right from the palest to the darkest. But still, skin cancer usually occurs in those who are having fair skin, blonde or red hair, light-colored eyes, history of sun exposure and tendency to burn or freckle when exposed to the sun. For the dark-skinned individuals, the melanoma is often developed at non-sun-exposed areas like the foot, mucous membranes of the mouth, underneath nails, genitals as well as nasal passages.

Preventive Measures for Skin Cancer:

The sun protection could gradually decrease a person’s risk of developing the skin cancer. The general sun-protection practice includes staying out of the sun between 10:00 A.M. to 4:00 P.M. During these hours, the sun rays are at the strongest intensity and applying a broad spectrum of sunscreen would help in solving this problem to a greater extent.

Nowadays, it has become necessary to learn how to recognize the signs of skin cancer, as skin cancer are highly curable based on the early detection and proper Skin Cancer Treatment London.

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Skin Tag Removal London

Skin Tag Removal London

Same Day Skin Tag Removal –  From £249

Skin tags are small growths of skin that hang from the surrounding skin by a narrow stalk.. They are often unsightly and can appear any where on the body but are very easy to remove. At our Harley Street clinic we remove skin tags using various methods including Surgical excisions and Cryotherapy both methods have minimal discomfort.

I had several skin tags positioned in my arm pits which were causing me discomfort every time they got caught onto surrounding clothing. After one visit to Harley Street Healthcare, my skin tags were frozen and within a few days they fell off completely – I was thrilled with the results and would certainly recommend Harley St Healthcare.

S.A Surrey

Skin Tag Removal

Price

1-3 Skin Tags

from £249

3 or More Skin Tags / Complex 

POA


Where can skin tags occur?

Skin tags appear as tiny bits of “hanging” skin, they generally occur at the sites where clothing rubs against the skin or where there is skin-to-skin friction. Skin tags are found near the areas- eyelids, axillae (armpits), back, under the breasts, groin, upper chest as well as neck. These skin tags appear most often in women more often those who are going through weight gain and in the elderly people. The skin tags usually don’t cause any kind of pain, but still they can become irritated if anything rubs them (like clothing or jewelry).

At Harley Street Healthcare, we understand how you feel about unsightly or troubling skin tags especially if they occur in the genital regions, so if you are suffering and want your skin tags removed today please call us today.

Skin Tag Removal London Clinics

Call our friendly team and book your appointment today on 02036161073.

Causes of skin tags:

The skin tags are usually very common and are often seen in:

  • Individuals having diabetes
  • People who are overweight and obese, most probably as they have more skin folds and creases
  • People suffering from human papilloma virus (HPV)
  • Pregnant women due to the high secretion of hormones
  • Illegal use of steroid as they interfere with the body and the muscles while causing the collagen fibers in the skin to bond and allowing the skin tags to be formed.

Treatment of Skin Tags:

Skin Tag Removal London is done by freezing (cryotherapy), burning, or cutting. At Harley Street Healthcare we use the cryotherapy method with a unique cotton bud apparatus to minimize discomfort. Cryotherapy is our preffered method of treating skin tags as we have found it to be the most comfortable method of skin tag removal for our patients.

If you would like to remove your skin tags call our friendly team today on 02036161073.

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Wart Removal London

Wart Removal London

Same Day Wart Removal –  From £295

Warts are round, hard, rough growths which can appear any where in the body commonly on the fingers, toes, private parts and other extremities and can grow up to 2 inches.

At Harley Street Healthcare we remove ALL types of warts on the SAME DAY – Call 0203 616 1073

Warts are often very unsightly and hence can be a source of embarrassment for many people. At Harley Street Healthcare we remove warts using the Cryotherapy as well as surgery. We have expert dermatologists who are specialists in the removal of your warts with minimal discomfort.

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I was unable to get my hand warts removed on the NHS as they were deemed cosmetic so I visited Harley Street Healthcare and all of my warts were treated on the same day. My hands are now completely wart free!

A. Louseir, London

Wart Removal

Price

1-3 Wartsfrom £295
3 or More Wartsfrom £499
Genital Wartsfrom £10 Additional Charge

Cause of Warts?

Most warts come about due to the Human Papiloma Virus (HPV). The virus travels in the blood and can go to different parts of the body commonly popping up in the extremities including fingers and toes. Seborrhoeic keratosis is a type of wart which is not caused by HPV – this has a genetic component and is also caused by sun damage and is often seen in patients who spend a lot of time in the sun.

At our London dermatology clinic based in Harley Street we run daily wart removal london clinics specialising in all forms of warts including sexually transmitted warts. Should you wish to remove your wart at our see and treat clinic all consultation fees will be wavered off if done on the same day.

Treatment and Wart Removal London

Warts can be treated by cryotherapy (freezing), burning or surgical excision.  Surgical removal as well as advanced Cryotherapy is are our preferred methods of treating warts and skin tags with minimal discomfort.

If you would like to get your warts removed call our team today on 0203 616 1073.

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Scabies

Treat your Scabies at our Harley Street Clinic – Dermatologist Consultation £169

At Harley St Healthcare, our dermatologists have a no nonsense approach to dealing with scabies as we understand it can cause a lot of itching and discomfort. At our London Dermatology Clinics we find that scabies is very often misdiagnosed by GPs and hence patients are given the wrong treatment. Our dermatologists have many years of experience in treating scabies, call us today on 02036161073 to remove your scabies.

What is Scabies?

Scabies is a type of itchy skin infestation mainly caused by mites – Sarcoptes scabiei. Scabies patient’s must be careful not to spread their condition to others through close skin-to-skin contact. It can also be transmitted through clothing or bedding. As mites are most active during night time, patients experience an intense itch whilst trying to sleep.

Harley St Healthcare Top Tip: Avoid scratching the infected area, as it can lead to sores which become infected and worsen the itch further.

Indirect transmission of scabies is more likely when a person is suffering from crusted scabies.

Symptoms

Symptoms of scabies are as a result to a hypersensitivity reaction to mites and their faeces. In such a situation, itching can persist for quite a few weeks after treatment even if all the eggs/mites are killed. If in case itching still persists more than 2 to 4 weeks after getting treatment, it is advisable to see a doctor.
If in case rash lesions or burrows continue to appear for long time period, then it calls for immediate treatment.

  • Skin rash that leads to small red blisters and bumps. This in turn affects specific parts of your body
  • Tiny red burrows on skin accompanied with relentless itching
  • Itching leads to frequent scratching that may affect your skin to secondary infections

Diagnosis

Scabies is diagnosed by clinical analysis of the rash and symptoms. In some cases, it becomes complicated to tell the difference between rash caused by scabies and rashes caused by other skin conditions however our dermatologists have treated thousands of scabies cases making it easier for them to diagnose. Sometimes a skin scraping is sent to lab test to check for presence of mites under microscope.

Treatment for Scabies

Scabies can be cured using various prescription or over the counter medications like creams and prescription lotions to be used in the bath. If you would like an expert analysis and treatment plan to remove your scabies call our dermatologists today on 02036161073.

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Lichen Planus

At London Dermatology Clinic, our primary focus is to offer you the safest and most effective treatments suitable to treat Lichen Planus problem.

What is Lichen Planus?

It is a condition which affects skin and causes an itchy rash. It can occur both in men/women and in certain types of cases can impact genitals/nails/mouth or other body parts. It is basically an infection and the rash caused by it can be passed on to others.

What causes Lichen Planus?

Lichen Planus is a type of inflammation that develops in the skin. It further leads to the development of non-infectious, yet itchy rash.

Who is at risk for Lichen Planus?

This type of infection can occur in any person of any age, but yes there are certain types of factors which make some people more likely to develop this type of condition. Also, people suffering from viral diseases like hepatitis C or being exposed to certain chemicals which may act as allergens are also at high risk of developing Lichen Planus.

Lichen Planus Facts

  • It is a chronic recurrent rash arising from unknown cause which has no established cure
  • It can be sometimes quite itchy or may spontaneously resolve
  • At some times, it can be managed with variety of oral medications and topical treatment
  • It mainly affects adults

Symptoms

Some common symptoms of this skin condition are as follows:

  • Lachen Planus may occur in forearm, ankles, genitals and inner wrists
  • Thin white lines over rash
  • Itching at the affected site of the rash
  • Lesions development in the mouth which can be painful or cause a burning sensation
  • Purple coloured bumps or lesions
  • Blisters which turn out to be scabby after they burst

How Lichen Planus is diagnosed?

It is diagnosed by professional dermatologist and diagnosis is carried out by looking at your mouth/nails and skin. To detect whether you have Lichen Planus or not, a professional dermatologist may remove a bit of skin. After this process, skin will be closely examined under a microscope which is often termed as biopsy. In some cases, blood tests may be required to rule out other diseases.

Treatment for Lichen Planus

In mild cases, Lichen Planus clears up in just few months/weeks, but it doesn’t require any special treatment. If in case symptoms of this treatment make you feel uncomfortable and severe, then your doctor may prescribe certain type of medications. There is no such exact cure available for such a type of condition, but medications that treat symptoms effectively prove to be very helpful and some may even be able to target possible underlying cause.

Other treatments which are recommended for Lichen Planus of the skin are outlined below:

  1. Light treatment – Usually, there are two types of light treatment: Psoralen Plus ultraviolet A (PUVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) mainly opted to treat Lichen Planus.
  1. Retinoids – This type of medication is used only when prescribed by specialist. It is very helpful in treating severe cases of this skin condition. This tablet has some side effects and at times may not mix well with other medicines.
  1. Corticosteroid – It helps in reducing inflammation caused by Lichen Planus rash and can be given either in the form of injection/topical cream or oral medicine.

Although Lichen Planus is not a severe skin condition, but it can make you feel uncomfortable. You can trust our team of professional doctors who will help you to get the best solution for this problem.

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Mole Analysis & Removal Clinic

FAQ's on Mole Mapping

Our Harley Street Healthcare Mole Clinic London provides the following services:

  1. Mole Mapping – Carried out by senior Dermatologist (£199)
  2. Mole Analysis – Carried out by senior Dermatologist, any concerning moles will be surgically removed and sent for testing on the same day. (£199 + cost of mole removal dependant upon complexity)
  3. Mole Check – Carried out by senior Dermatologist.

To book one of the above appointments please call us on 0207 030 3370.

*All moles removed will be subject to histology testing if deemed potentially cancerous by the senior dermatologist fees may apply

What is mole?

It can be defined as dark spot or irregularity in the skin. Moles change very slowly and disappear after some time. The medical term for a mole is a benign melanocytic naevus, while some moles are completely dark and flat, some are slightly raised and brown.

What causes moles?

  1. Some people are born with moles, while some other types of moles may appear at later point in life.
  2. Exposure to sun plays a vital role in moles development and can also result in development of dysplastic or atypical moles.
  3. The role of hereditary cannot be ignored. It has been observed that several families round the world have dysplastic that can be associated with higher frequency of melanoma.

At what age does it develop?

Moles are not present from birth, but they usually develop from the 2nd year of life until middle age. Adults can develop moles in their 30’s or 40’s, but in case if they notice a new mole then it is advisable to keep a close eye on it and check whether it develops any warning signs of skin cancer or not. If you see any changes to an existing mole we would recommend you to book an appointment with one of our senior dermatologists at Mole Clinic London by calling 0207 030 3370.

What does it look like?

It is either brown/black in colour and can appear anywhere on the skin.

When to consider mole removal?

It is not important to consider mole removal. There are 3 main reasons as to why you should consider mole removal:

  • Mole makes one feel embarrassed about its presence. Prominent/several moles can make one look unattractive.
  • It may look like cancerous. In some cases, it may happen that melanoma, a serious type of cancer can develop within the mole, so you should be careful about it.
  • Moles get developed in a place, where it may cause irritation and discomfort to the person.

Mole Removal Surgery

It is carried out under local anaesthetic, which means that affected skin area would be completely numb, but the person remains awake. The person would be given sedative drugs with a local anaesthetic that helps him/her feel relaxed during procedure.
In some cases, sedation/local anaesthetic is not required. This will depend on type of treatment you are having, the location, size and number of moles which needs to be removed. The technique used for removing mole depends on certain factors namely what condition it is, location & its size.
Scalpel is used to remove moles and wound is then closed with few stitches. Whereas, some moles are frozen off with liquid nitrogen or destroyed by use of precision high-energy laser. Before you carry on with the idea of getting private mole removal don we would recommend you to contact our team on 0207 030 3370. Our dermatologists will analyse your mole and remove it for you on the same day if they think it is cancerous.

Benefits you get from mole removal:

  • Decreases skin irritation that takes place when certain moles rub against jewellery/clothing
  • Achieve smooth/clear skin
  • Improved appearance and self-esteem
  • Protruding moles are removed

Are there risks involved in mole removal surgery?

There are several treatments which are carried out successfully round the year with no complications or major problems associated with it. Your professional surgeon will explain risks related to each method and advise you on which type of treatment is most suitable for your condition. Mole removal sample would be then sent for laboratory examination.

With Harley Street based Mole Clinic London, our private dermatologists can remove your moles on the same day with minimal if any visible scarring. Please call our team on 0207 030 3370 to book your appointment with us.

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Allergies

Suffering from allergies? Not sure, about how to deal with it? Come to London Dermatology Clinic to get your skin allergy problem treated in the best way.
Allergies come in contact with your body by means of foreign substances such as pollen/bee venom/pet dander. Allergens are mostly found in drinks, environment or food. Different skin allergies are termed as dermatitis. The areas which are inflamed result in severe itchiness, causing sore feet and legs as these areas directly come in contact with allergens or irritants that cause dermatitis.

Signs and Symptoms of Allergies

When a person comes in contact with an allergen, then allergic reaction is not immediate. The immune system reacts to allergens and causes inflammation and irritation in skin. Symptoms and signs of allergies mainly depend on type of allergen. It may happen that allergic reactions occur in skin, gut, airways, sinuses, nasal passages and eyes.
The signs and symptoms of skin allergies may vary on individual basis for each patient. Allergies can develop at any age, but several individuals can also outgrow allergies over time. Environment plays a major role in development of allergies, but it involves a greater risk of developing different types of allergic conditions, if in case the patient has family history of allergies.

Allergies caused due to pollen/dust may usually have following symptoms:

  • Itchy eyes/nose
  • Watery/swollen eyes
  • Cough
  • Runny/Blocked nose

Risk Factors

Risk factor is something which raises the risk of developing a disease or condition. For instance, smoking is a real risk factor for a person suffering from lung disease. People are more likely to develop allergic rhinitis, if they have family history of allergies. People suffering from asthma/fever are at high risk of developing allergies of any type including dermatitis problem.

Below are some risk factors associated with allergies:

  • Having asthma
  • Family history of asthma
  • Family history of allergies
  • Not getting adequate exposure to sunlight
  • Chemicals used in water purification

Causes

The problem of allergies happens because of allergens/irritants. Certain substances such as soaps, solvents and detergents can strip off natural oils from the skin, leaving it undefended from harmful effects. Allergens are environmental substances to which a person’s immune system reacts to. Some types of allergens mainly include cosmetics, perfumes, lotions and rubber.

Treatment

People suffering from allergies should take a trip to professional dermatologist to get treatment for their allergy problems. This will help them to find out the real cause of allergy or dermatitis. Patch and allergy testing is carried out in skin clinic to find out what the real cause of reaction is.

Allergy Treatment Facts

  1. Avoidance is the best way to prevent allergies
  2. There are different easy and effective cleaning methods/techniques that can significantly decrease allergy problems to a great extent.
  3. By maintaining air quality/climate of your home, you can remain healthy, whilst avoiding allergies.
  4. If have pet in your house, then it is advisable to take appropriate measures to keep the environment around your house neat and clean.

We treat every type of allergy problem at our clinic at rock bottom rates. Our professional doctors diagnose and accordingly give treatment to your allergy problem. Besides this, they will carry out various procedures to know the root cause of allergy and how it should be treated to give you complete relief from the problem. Thus, you can pin your trust on us to get complete relief from your allergy problems.

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Childrens Dermatology

Children’s dermatology

If skin problems are affecting you child, then then our Harley Street London Dermatology Clinics are here to help you. We know that an unhappy and cranky child can give parents sleepless nights.
All our consultants are trained in pediatric dermatology and provide excellent treatment for your child’s skin disease. Now there is no need for your child to suffer due to skin problems, we are here to improve their life and solve your problems. Many conditions are found in children and not in adults. Hence, treatments also vary depending on the age of your child, as they need to be handled with care.
The most common skin problems that children face are:

  • Acne
  • Acute and chronic skin eruptions
  • Bacterial and viral skin infections
  • Burns
  • Birth marks
  • Eczema
  • Genetic skin conditions like albinism, ichthyosis
  • Hair loss
  • Vascular malformations
  • Hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating)
  • Nevi (moles)
  • Molluscum Psoriasis
  • Scabies
  • Tinea capitis and tinea corporis (ringworm)
  • Vascular birthmarks and malformations
  • Pigmentary disorders like vitiligo
  • Warts
  • Wounds

Eczema Is a Common Ailment in children
Eczema or atopic dermatitis is the most condition seen in children. It occurs in nearly one in five children. If in such condition, they swim in chlorinated pools, it might irritate their skin more. But if certain precautions are taken, their eczema should be fine.

Acne in children
Acne is a common disorder seen in kids and teenagers nearing puberty. It is a disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. In acne, sebaceous glands get clogged leading to pimples and cysts mostly on face, chest, upper back, shoulder, neck. Our dermatologist will determine the treatment based on your child’s age, overall health, severity of acne, child’s tolerance for medications.

Scabies in children
Scabies is commonly prevalent in children and is caused by skin infestation of tiny mites called Sarcoptes scabiei. These mites burrow in top layer of skin and lay their eggs causing itchy bumps and blisters. A child with scabies becomes extremely cranky as it causes lot of skin irritation. Infants and children can develop the rash on the scalp, palms, and soles of feet.

Warts in children
This is very common in children and almost affects 20% of children. Girls get more warts as compared to boys. Warts are contagious but not harmful. Warts embarrass children especially if they are on the soles of their feet. Hence, it is parent’s responsibility to prevent them and if already present then give proper medications.

Moles in children
Most moles in children are not that serious and mostly present due to cosmetic allergies. However, they can undergo changes to become malignant.

Ringworm
Ringworm has nothing to do with worms, but caused by tinea fungi called dermatophytes. The fungus infests child’s skin and spreads out in rings. The centre of ring may clear up and new ring of infection develops at corner of old ring.

Tests to be done:
Our doctors might suggest various examinations, biopsies and blood testing to confirm the severity of disease. In some cases, dermatologist might recommend skin scrape or biopsy that can be done on the same day.

Surgery
If our dermatologist feels the necessity of surgery, it might be take place on same day or can be scheduled. Our dermatologist will discuss whether a local or general anesthesia is best option. Children undergoing surgeries have the option to watch videos or listen to music so that they can be as comfortable and secure as possible.
Other dermatology services: Apart from treatments and surgeries, we also provide other services like:

  • Nerve relaxants for excessive perspiration
  • Pulsed dye laser therapy

Hence, with many treatments available to treat skin diseases, its parent’s responsibility to be more aware and free your child from discomfort caused by it.

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Hair Loss Treatment

Suffering from hair loss? Know about the causes and treatments

What is Alopecia?
Most people normally lose about 50-100 hair per day. Are you losing more than that? Is your scalp visible even though you are young? People tend to lose hair as they age, which is normal. However, if you see hair thinning even while you are young, that is something you should worry about.
Hair loss also known as Alopecia has possible causes. Alopecia can be divided into diffuse and localized alopecia and into scarring and non-scarring alopecia. We will discuss the history of your hair loss, examine your scalp to judge the pattern of the hair loss and suggest treatment consequently

Generalized/diffuse alopecia
Most common cause of this hair loss is age related thinning of scalp hair. It can also be due to deficiencies of iron or zinc, thyroid gland disorders, recent illness or pregnancy.

Localized/Patchy alopecia
Localized alopecia means patchy hair loss. The commonest cause of this is alopecia areata, which is autoimmune, meaning that the body’s own immune cells attack the hair follicles. Hair loss tends to be complete in affected areas, but patchy with normal hair in between.

Causes

1. Hormonal factors
This is the most common cause of hair loss. In genetically susceptible people, sex hormones can trigger hair loss or hair thinning which can begin even in puberty. Hormonal changes due to pregnancy, childbirth, using birth control pills or menopause can also lead to hair loss.

2. Hereditary factor
The most common cause of hair loss is a hereditary condition called male-pattern baldness or female-pattern baldness.

3. Medical conditions
A variety of medical conditions can cause hair loss, including thyroid problems, alopecia areata (autoimmune disease), scalp infections and skin infections.

4. Medications: drugs used to treat can cause hair loss

  • Cancer
  • Arthritis
  • Depression
  • Heart problems
  • High blood pressure

5. A physical or emotional shock:
Many people experience a general thinning of hair after a physical or emotional shock.

6. Hair-pulling disorder:
This mental illness causes people to have a tempting urge to pull out their hair, whether it is from the scalp, their eyebrows or other areas of the body.

7. Certain hairstyles:
Traction hair loss can occur if the hair is pulled too tightly into hairstyles.

Treatments

For some types of hair loss, treatment can resume hair growth, while in other situations treatments can hide hair loss.

  • Medication

Medications both topical and internal can be used to prevent hair loss and at time cause hair regeneration. Our dermatologists are highly experienced in prescribing such medications should you be a candidate for this type of therapy.

  • Surgery

Hair transplants: This type of procedure removes tiny plugs of skin containing a few hairs from the back or sides of your scalp. The plugs are then implanted into the bald sections of your scalp.

    • Scalp reduction:
      This procedure surgically removes some of the bald skin on your head. After hairless scalp is removed, the space is closed with hair-covered scale
    • Few tips to prevent hair loss that can be followed at home include: following a balanced diet, avoid tight hairstyles, avoid twisting or pulling your hair.
      At our London Dermatology Clinics, you will get varied treatment options available to reduce hair fall or getting a hair transplant done at reasonable cost.
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Video consultations are also available for those in self isolation call 02036161073